The Significance of Renewable Energy Resources and their Applications in Rural TourismAbstract views: 77 / PDF downloads: 62
Keywords:Biomass, biogas, biodiesel, solar energy, hydro energy, geothermal energy, wind energy
Rural tourism has become popular with an increasing interest in discovering new places and natural cultures that possess natural richness. It not only plays an active role in preventing immigration from the countryside but also provides opportunities for women employment in rural areas. The desire for being alone with nature and thus to move away from the difficulties and stress caused by the daily life are among the main reasons for the preference of rural tourism. Rural tourism may offer both recreational and agricultural activities to the visitors. Despite being one of the stress factors of the daily life, the use of technology and energy requirement have recently become an addiction that people cannot easily give up wherever they live. Moreover, the energy is the most needed input of almost every sector including tourism. By producing renewable energy resources instead of convective resources in rural tourism, it may be possible to reduce operating costs considerably and minimize environmental problems caused by convective energies. In addition, the use of integrated energy production or alternative energy applications in a rural tourism operation is also instructional for domestic and foreign tourists. The guests have the chance to witness sustainable energy sources through living and observing, as they use them in their daily life. Thus, a widespread impact on the use of alternative energy sources is ensured. It is of paramount significance to choose the most appropriate alternative energy source or sources that will not harm the tourism establishment. It is important to consider the following factors in deciding the energy source to be used; the geographical location of the rural tourism establishment, natural richness, sunshine days, number of windy days, the structure and location of rivers, waterfalls and lakes and proximity to geothermal resources. This research aims to explain the integration and applications of solar energy, wind energy, heat pump, geothermal energy, hydraulic energy, biomass, biogas and biodiesel, which have high use potential in rural tourism areas.